Terminology





=Ad Alley

The part of the composing room where the

advertisements are set.



=Add

Late news added to a story already written or printed.



=A. P

Abbreviation for Associated Press.



=Arrest Sheets

The police record on which all arrests are

entered.



=Assignment

A story that a reporter has been detailed to cover;

any duty assigned by the city editor.



=Assignment Slips

Slips of paper containing assignments the city

editor wishes a reporter to cover. These slips are made out

daily and laid on the reporter's desk at the beginning of his

day's work.



=Bank

(1) One of the whole divisions of the headlines, separated

from the next by a blank line; called also a deck. (2) A table

or frame for holding type-filled galleys.



=Bank-man

A helper in the composing room whose duty it is to

assemble type received from the different linotype machines,

close up the galleys on the bank, and see that they are proved.



=Beat

(1) A definite place or section of town,--as the city hall,

the capitol, the police court, fire stations, hotels,

etc.,--regularly visited by a reporter to obtain news; also

termed a run. (2) See scoop.



=B. F

Abbreviation for =bold-face=, =black-face type=.



=Blind Interview

An interview given by a man of authority on

condition that his name be withheld.



=Blotter

The police record-book of crime.



=Box

A rectangular space marked off in a story, usually at the

beginning, for calling attention to the news within the box. The

news is often a list of dead or injured or of athletic records,

printed in bold-face type.



=Break-line

A line not filled to the end with letters, as the

last line of a paragraph. In a head a break-line may contain

white space on each side.



=Bridge

The raised platform in front of the magistrate's desk in

police court.



=Bull

A statement or a series of statements, the terms of which

are manifestly inconsistent or contradictory.



=Bulldog Edition

The earliest regular edition.



=Bulletin

A brief telegraphic message giving the barest results

of an event, often an accident, unaccompanied by details.



=Catch-line

(1) A short line set in display type within the body

of a story to catch the eye of the reader and enable him to get

the striking details by a hasty glance down the column. (2) A

line at the top of each page of copy sent to the composing room

one page at a time: as, "Society," "State," "Suicide." Such

lines enable the bank-men to assemble readily all the stories

and parts of stories belonging together.



=Chase

A rectangular iron or steel frame into which the forms are

locked for printing or stereotyping.



=Condensed Type

Type thin in comparison to its height; contrasted

with extended type.



=Copy

Any manuscript prepared for the press. Blind Copy is copy

that is difficult to read. Clean Copy is manuscript requiring

little or no editing. Time Copy is any matter for which there

is no rush,--usually held to be set up by the compositors when

they would otherwise be idle, or to be used in case of a

scarcity of news. The Sunday paper is filled with time copy.



=Copy Cutter

An assistant in the composing room who receives copy

from the head copy reader, or editor, cuts it into takes, and

distributes the takes to the compositors to set up.



=Copyholder

A proof-reader's assistant who, to correct errors,

reads copy for comparison of it with the proof.



=Copy-reader

One who revises copy and writes the headlines. Not

to be confused with proof-reader.



=Cover

To go for the purpose of getting facts about an event or

for the purpose of writing up the event: as, "Jones covered the

prize fight."



=Dead

A term applied to composed type that is of no further use;

also sometimes applied to copy.



=Deck

See Bank (1).



=Department Men

Reporters who seek news regularly in the same

places, as the police courts, city hall, coroner's office.



=Display Type

Type bolder of face or more conspicuous than

ordinary type.



=Dope

Slang for any information or collection of facts to be used

in a story; applied specifically to sporting stories, meaning a

forecast of the outcome, as in a horse-race or a boxing

contest.



=Em

The square of the body of any size of type; used as the unit

of measurement for making indentions, indicating the length of

dashes, etc.



=End Mark

A mark put at the end of a story to indicate to the

compositor that the story is complete. The two end marks used

are the figure 30 enclosed in a circle and a #.



=Feature

To give prominence to; to display prominently.



=Feature Story

A story, often with a whimsical turn, in which the

interest lies in something else than the immediate news value;

one that develops some interesting feature of the day's news for

its own sake rather than for the worth of the story as a whole.

Also called "human interest" story. See page 224.



=Filler

A story of doubtful news value included for lack of

better news in a column or section of a paper. The so-called

"patent insides" in country weeklies and small dailies are known

as fillers.



=Flash

A brief telegraphic message sandwiched between two

sentences of a running story, giving the outcome before it is

reached in the story: as, "Flash--Smith knocked out in

fourteenth round," when the reporter's story has got only as far

as the eleventh round; or, "Flash--Jury coming in; get ready for

verdict," thrust into the body of a story a reporter is sending

about a murder trial.



=Flimsy

Thin tissue paper used in duplicating telegraphic stories

as they come off the wire.



=Flush

On an even line or margin with.



=Follow Copy

An instruction, written on the margin of manuscript,

to the compositor that he must follow copy exactly, even though

the matter may seem wrong.



=Folo

An abbreviation for follow, marked at the beginning of

stories to indicate that they are to follow others of a similar

nature: as, "Folo Suicide," meaning to the bank-man, "Put this

story in the form immediately after the one slugged 'Suicide.'"

See page 15.



=Form

An assemblage of type, usually seven or eight columns,

locked in a chase preparatory to printing or stereotyping.



=Fudge

A small printing cylinder and chase that can be attached

to a rotary press; used for printing late news. See page 18.



=Future Book

The book in which the city editor records future

events: as, speeches, conventions, lawsuits, etc.



=Galley

A long, shallow, metal tray for holding composed type.

From the type in this tray the first or galley proof is pulled

for corrections.



=Galley Proof

An impression made from type in a galley.



=Gothic

A heavy, black-faced type, all the strokes of which are

of uniform width.



=Guide Line

See Catch Line (2).



=Hanging Indention

Equal indention of all the lines of a

paragraph except the first, which extends one em farther to the

left than those succeeding.



=Head

Abbreviation for headline.



Drop-Line Head



SECOND YEAR OF

THE GREAT WAR

OPENS TODAY



Pyramid Head



Clash between Germany

and Russia Occurred

August 1, 1914



Cross-Line



END NOT IN SIGHT



Hanging Indention



First Anniversary Finds

Little Change in Relative

Strength of the Two

Opposing Forces.



=Hell-box

The box into which waste lead is thrown for remelting

in the stereotyping room.



=Hold

An instruction written at the beginning of copy or proof,

instructing the make-up man in the printing room to hold the

article, not print it, until he has received further orders.



=Human Interest Story

See Feature Story.



=I.N.S

Abbreviation for International News Service.



=Insert

One or more sentences or paragraphs inserted in the body

of a story already written, giving fuller or more accurate

information.



=Jump-head

A headline put above the continuation of a story begun

on a preceding page.



=Justifier

A short story of little or no news value inserted at

the foot of a column to fill it out evenly.



=Justify

To make even or true by proper spacing, as lines of type

or columns on a page.



=Kill

To destroy the whole or a part of a story, usually after it

has been set in type.



=Lead

The initial sentence or paragraph of a story, into which is

crammed the gist of the article. See page 68.



=Lead

Thin strips of metal placed between lines of type to make

the lines stand farther apart, and hence to make the story stand

out more prominently on the printed page.



=Lower Case

(1) A shallow wooden receptacle divided into

compartments called boxes, for keeping separate the small

letters of a font of type; distinguished from the upper case

which stands slantingly above the lower case and contains the

capital letters; hence (2) the letters in that case.



=Make-up

The arrangement of type into columns and pages

preparatory to printing.



=Make-up Man

The workman who arranges composed type in forms

preparatory to printing.



=Morgue

The filing cabinet or room in which are kept stories and

obituaries of prominent persons, photographs of them, their

families, and their homes, clippings of various kinds about

disasters, religious associations, big conventions, strikes,

wars, etc. See page 9.



=Must

A direction put on the margin of copy to indicate that the

story must be printed.



=Pi

Type that has been so jumbled or disarranged that it cannot

be used until reassembled.



=Pi Line

A freak line set up by a compositor when he has made an

error in the line and completed it by striking the keys at

random until he has filled out the measure and cast the slug:

ETAOINS



=Play Up

To emphasize by writing about with unusual fullness.



=Police Blotter

See Blotter.



=Pony Report

A condensed report of the day's news, sent out by

news bureaus to papers that are not able or do not care to

subscribe for the full service.



=Proof-reader

One whose time is given to reading and making

corrections in the printer's proof; not to be confused with

Copy-reader.



=Prove

To take a proof of or from.



=Pull

To make an impression on a hand-press: as, to pull a

proof.



=Pyramid Head

A heading of three, four, or five lines,--usually

of three,--the first of which is full, the second indented at

both sides, the third still more indented at both sides, all the

lines being centered. See Head.



=Query

A telegraphic request to a paper for instructions on a

story that a correspondent wishes to send. See page 240.



=Quoins

Wedges used for fastening or locking type in a galley or

a form.



=Release

To permit publication of a story on or after a specified

date, but not before. See page 54.



=Revise

A corrected proof.



=Rewrite

A story rewritten from another paper. See page 218.



=Rewrite Man

A reporter who rewrites telegraphic, cable, and

telephone stories, or who rewrites poor copy submitted by other

reporters. See page 219.



=Run

See Beat (1).



=Run-in

To omit paragraph indentions for the sake of saving

space.



=Running Story

A story which develops as the day advances, or

from day to day.



=Scoop

Publication of an important story in advance of rival

papers; also called a beat.



=Sheets

See Arrest Sheets.



=Slips

Slips of paper hung on the police bulletin board or pasted

in a public ledger, announcing such crimes, misdemeanors,

complaints, and the like as the police are willing to make

public. See page 35.



=Slug

(1) A solid line of type set by a linotype machine. (2) A

strip of type metal thicker than a lead and less than type high,

for widening spaces between lines, supporting the foot of a

column, etc. (3) A strip of metal bearing a type-high number

inserted by a compositor at the beginning of a take to mark the

type set by him. (4) The compositor who set the type marked by a

slug. See also Catch Line (2).



=Solid

Having no leads between the lines: as, a solid column of

type.



=Space Book

A book in which the state editor keeps a record of

stories sent in by correspondents and space writers.



=Space Writer

A writer who is paid for his stories according to

the amount of space they occupy when printed.



=Special

A story written by a special correspondent, usually one

out of town.



=Stick

(1) A small metal tray holding approximately two inches of

type, used by printers in setting type by hand. (2) The amount

of type held by a stick.



=Stone

A smooth table top, once of stone, now usually of metal,

on which the page forms are made up.



=Story

(1) Any article, other than an editorial or an

advertisement, written for a newspaper. (2) The event about

which the story is written: as, a burglar story, meaning the

burglary that the reporter writes up.



=Streamer Head

A head set in large type and extending across the

top of the page.



=String

A strip of clipped stories pasted together end to end to

indicate the number of columns contributed by a space writer.



=Style Book

The printed book of rules followed by reporters,

copy-readers, and compositors. See page 249.



=Take

The portion of copy taken at once by a compositor for

setting up. See page 13.



=30

A telegrapher's signal indicating the end of the message;

also put at the end of a story to indicate its completion.



=Tip

Secret information about an item of news valuable to a

paper.



=Turn Rule

A copy-reader's signal to the composing room to turn

the black face of the rule, indicating thereby that the story is

not yet complete and that more will be inserted at that place.



=U.P

Abbreviation for United Press Associations.



=w.f

Abbreviation for wrong font; a proof-reader's mark of

correction, indicating that a letter from another font has

slipped into a word: as, the u in because.





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