X L C D M1, 2, 3, 5, 10, 50, 100, 500, 1000.

(9) Proper names begin with a capital; as, "Jones, Johnson, Caesar, Mark

Antony, England, Pacific, Christmas."

Such words as river, sea, mountain, etc., when used generally are common,

not proper nouns, and require no capital. But when such are used with an

adjective or adjunct to specify a particular object they become proper

names, and therefore require a capital; as, "Mississippi River, North

Sea, Alleghany Mountains," etc. In like manner the cardinal points north,

south, east and west, when they are used to distinguish regions of a

country are capitals; as, "The North fought against the South."

When a proper name is compounded with another word, the part which is not

a proper name begins with a capital if it precedes, but with a small

letter if it follows, the hyphen; as "Post-homeric," "Sunday-school."

(10) Words derived from proper names require a Capital; as, "American,

Irish, Christian, Americanize, Christianize."

In this connection the names of political parties, religious sects and

schools of thought begin with capitals; as, "Republican, Democrat, Whig,

Catholic, Presbyterian, Rationalists, Free Thinkers."

(11) The titles of honorable, state and political offices begin with a

capital; as, "President, Chairman, Governor, Alderman."

(12) The abbreviations of learned titles and college degrees call for

capitals; as, "LL.D., M.A., B.S.," etc. Also the seats of learning

conferring such degrees as, "Harvard University, Manhattan College," etc.

(13) When such relative words as father, mother, brother, sister, uncle,

aunt, etc., precede a proper name, they are written and printed with

capitals; as, Father Abraham, Mother Eddy, Brother John, Sister Jane,

Uncle Jacob, Aunt Eliza. Father, when used to denote the early Christian

writer, is begun with a capital; "Augustine was one of the learned

Fathers of the Church."

(14) The names applied to the Supreme Being begin with capitals: "God,

Lord, Creator, Providence, Almighty, The Deity, Heavenly Father, Holy

One." In this respect the names applied to the Saviour also require

capitals: "Jesus Christ, Son of God, Man of Galilee, The Crucified, The

Anointed One." Also the designations of Biblical characters as "Lily of

Israel, Rose of Sharon, Comfortress of the Afflicted, Help of Christians,

Prince of the Apostles, Star of the Sea," etc. Pronouns referring to God

and Christ take capitals; as, "His work, The work of Him, etc."

(15) Expressions used to designate the Bible or any particular division

of it begin with a capital; as, "Holy Writ, The Sacred Book, Holy Book,

God's Word, Old Testament, New Testament, Gospel of St. Matthew, Seven

Penitential Psalms."

(16) Expressions based upon the Bible or in reference to Biblical

characters begin with a capital: "Water of Life, Hope of Men, Help of

Christians, Scourge of Nations."

(17) The names applied to the Evil One require capitals: "Beelzebub,

Prince of Darkness, Satan, King of Hell, Devil, Incarnate Fiend, Tempter

of Men, Father of Lies, Hater of Good."

(18) Words of very special importance, especially those which stand out

as the names of leading events in history, have capitals; as, "The

Revolution, The Civil War, The Middle Ages, The Age of Iron," etc.

(19) Terms which refer to great events in the history of the race require

capitals; "The Flood, Magna Charta, Declaration of Independence."

(20) The names of the days of the week and the months of the year and the

seasons are commenced with capitals: "Monday, March, Autumn."

(21) The Pronoun I and the interjection O always require the use of

capitals. In fact all the interjections when uttered as exclamations

commence with capitals: "Alas! he is gone." "Ah! I pitied him."

(22) All noms-de-guerre, assumed names, as well as names given for

distinction, call for capitals, as, "The Wizard of the North," "Paul

Pry," "The Northern Gael," "Sandy Sanderson," "Poor Robin," etc.

(23) In personification, that is, when inanimate things are represented

as endowed with life and action, the noun or object personified begins

with a capital; as, "The starry Night shook the dews from her wings."

"Mild-eyed Day appeared," "The Oak said to the Beech--'I am stronger

than you.'"

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