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The Hyphen





=83. Compound Words
Put a hyphen between the members of a compound
word. Words compounded with the following prefixes and suffixes are
generally hyphenated: able-, brother-, by-, cross-, -elect,
ex-, father-, great-, half-, -hand, mother-, open-,
public-, quarter-, -rate, self-. In particular, hyphenate the
following words:

able-bodied
attorney-general
balk-line
base-hit
base-line
basket-ball
brother-in-law
bucket-shop
by-law
by-product
court-martial
cross-examine
ex-president
father-in-law
full-back
goal-line
goal-post
good-by
great-grandfather
half-back
half-witted
home-stretch
judge-elect
kick-off
kick-out
law-abiding
life-saving
line-up
mail-box
man-of-war
mother-in-law
office-seeker
old-fashioned
post-mortem
post-office
president-elect
quarter-back
quarter-stretch
second-rate
shop-girl
short-stop
side-lines
so-called (a.)
son-in-law
spit-ball
to-day
to-morrow
to-night

84. Words Written Solid.--Words compounded of the following prefixes and
suffixes are generally written solid: a-, after-, ante-, anti-,
auto-, bi-, demi-, -ever, grand-, -holder, in-, inter-,
intra-, -less, mid-, mis-, off-, on-, over-, post-,
re-, -some, sub-, super-, tri-, un-, under-, up-,
-ward, -wise, -with. The following should be written solid:

anyone
anyway (adv.)
anywhere
awhile
baseball
billboard
bipartizan
bondholder
carload
classmate
corespondent
downstairs
everyday (a.)
everyone
fireproof
football
footlights
footpad
gateman
holdup
inasmuch
infield
ironclad
juryman
landlady
lawsuit
letterhead
linesman
midnight
misprint
misspell
nevertheless
newcomer
nonunion
northeast
northwest
Oddfellows
officeholder
oneself
outfield
pallbearer
paymaster
postcard
posthaste
postmaster
rewrite
saloonkeeper
schoolboy
schoolgirl
semicolon
shopkeeper
sidewalk
skyscraper
snowstorm
southeast
southwest
taxpayer
typewriter
upstairs

=85. Words Written Separately
Write the following as two words:

all right
any time
back yard
every time
ex officio
fellow man
half dollar
half dozen
half nelson
mass meeting
no one
pay roll
police court
per cent
pro tem
some one
some way
squeeze play

=86. Compound Numbers
Compound numbers between twenty and a hundred,
when spelled out, should have a hyphen: as, twenty-one, forty-three.

=87. Word Division
When dividing a word at the end of a line, observe
the following rules:

1. Do not break a syllable: as, cre-ditable, attemp-ted, for
cred-itable, attempt-ed.

2. Do not divide a monosyllable: as, mob-bed, tho-ugh.

3. Do not separate a consonant from a vowel that affects its
pronunciation: as, nec-essity for ne-cessity.

4. Do not divide a diphthong or separate two successive vowels, one of
which is silent: as, bo-wing, pe-ople, for bow-ing, peo-ple.

5. Do not separate a syllable that has been added to a word by the
addition of an s: as, financ-es.

6. Do not divide hyphenated words except at the syllable where the
regular hyphen comes: as, pocket-book, fool-killer.

7. Do not make awkward divisions: as, noth-ing, crack-le.

8. Do not begin a line with a hyphen.

9. As a rule, avoid dividing a word at the end of a line and never
divide one at the end of a page.





Next: Abbreviations

Previous: The Apostrophe



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