=88. Abbreviations Avoided
Abbreviations should as a rule be avoided.
The coming of the typewriter into journalism has created a tendency to
write out all words in full.
=89. Personal and Professional Titles
The following personal and
professional titles are abbreviated when preceding proper names:
=90. Use of Titles
Use personal titles under the following
1. Do not use Mr. before a man's name when his baptismal name or
initials are given.
Mr. A. B. Crayton of Belleville was a
guest at the Horton house to-day.
A. B. Crayton of Belleville was a guest at
the Horton house to-day.
2. After a person's name has been mentioned once in a story, his
initials or Christian names are omitted thereafter, and a Mr. or his
professional title is put before the name.
Prof. O. C. Bowen of Atawa was a speaker
at the local Y. M. C. A. to-day. Prof. Bowen chose
as his subject, "The Four Pillars of State."
3. If a person has more than one professional title, the one of highest
rank should be used. If he has two titles of apparently equal rank,
choose the one last received or the one by which he is best known among
4. Mrs. always precedes the name of a married woman, Miss that of an
unmarried woman, no matter whether the initials or Christian names are
used or not.
5. In giving lists of unmarried women, precede the names with Misses,
taking care always to give the full Christian name of each woman.
6. In giving lists of married women, Mesdames may introduce the names,
though present usage prefers Mrs. before each name.
7. When mentioning a man and his wife, put it Mr. and Mrs. William
Black, not William Black and wife.
8. Do not use Master before the name of a boy.
9. Before a Rev. preceding the name of a clergyman always put a the:
as, the Rev. T. P. Frost. If the clergyman's initials are not known,
write it, the Rev. Mr. Frost, not the Rev. Frost.
=91. Names of the Months
Abbreviations of the months, except March,
April, May, June, and July, are permissible when followed by a numeral
indicating the day of the month, but not when used alone.
Richard Malone, who was injured in an
automobile collision Sept. 18, died at the county
The time of the meet has been set for a
date not later than the middle of Sept.
=92. Names of the States
Names of states, territories, and island
possessions of the United States are abbreviated when preceded by the
name of a town or city: as, Pueblo, Col.; Manila, P.I.
=93. Miscellaneous Abbreviations
The following abbreviations are also
in good usage: Esq., Inc., Jr., A.B., Ph.D., M.D., U.S.N.,
etc., when used after proper names; a.m., p.m., A.D., B.C., when
preceded by numerals.
=94. Forbidden Abbreviations
The following abbreviations may not be
used on most newspapers:
1. Christian names: as, Chas. for Charles, Thos. for Thomas.
2. Mount, Fort, and Saint: as, Mt. St. Elias for Mount Saint Elias,
Ft. Wayne for Fort Wayne.
3. Railroad, Company, Brothers, etc.: as, New Haven R. R. for New
Haven Railroad, National Biscuit Co. for National Biscuit Company.
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